Diazepam is a benzodiazepine derivative. Its chemical name is 7-chloro-1, 3-dihydro-1-methyl-5-phenyl-2H-1, 4-benzodiazepine-2-one. It is a colorless to yellow crystalline compound that is insoluble in water.
It is usually available for oral administration as tablets containing 2mg, 5mg and 10mg diazepam. Along with the active ingredients present in each tablet, there are some inactive ingredients as well such as anhydrous lactose, corn starch, pregelatinized starch and calcium stearate. The diazepam 10 mg tablets contain FD&C Blue.
Diazepam 10 mg tablets are designed especially for those who want to have a sound and peaceful sleep. It is mainly used to induce before any medical procedures such as surgeries etc. and is also given to the people who are under alcohol treatment. For best outcome it must be taken exactly as directed and prescribed by the doctor.
Diazepam tablets are also called Valium. Diazepam is used to cure muscular pain and anxiety. It is very important to those who want to improve their sleep duration. It is mainly given to the patients who undergo sleep disorder as sleeping pills and can be taken every night.
Diazepam is given to cure anxiety disorders or to provide a short term relief of the symptoms of anxiety. However, many individuals consider everyday stress or tension as anxiety but such stress does not require any treatment. It is recommended to those being treated for alcohol and provides symptomatic relief from acute distress, shivering and hallucinosis.
How it works?
Diazepam is used to augment the activity of gamma-aminobutyric (GABA) which is a special chemical that can send signals throughout your nervous system. The body experiences anxiety, muscle contraction or panic attacks if the amount of GABA is not enough.
Its dosage of Valium varies in different syndromes.
For Anxiety, Alcohol Withdrawal, Muscle Contraction and Epilepsy
Adult (ages 18-64 years) are given diazepam 10 mg by mouth 3 – 4 times during the first 24 hours to cure acute alcohol treatment. Then, gradually the dosage is reduced to 5mg to be taken 3 – 4 times per day or as directed by the physician depending on the withdrawal symptoms.
Children with ages 0 – 5 months are not recommended to have it. However, children with ages 6 months – 17 years are prescribed with the lowest starting dosage.
People with ages 65+ will be given the lowest starting dosage that is 2 – 2.5 mg and is slowly increased as needed. The drug is always started with a low dosage as its high dosage can have toxic effects on the body.
Direction of Use
What if you don’t take it?
In order to get yourself cured properly, it is good to take the medications regularly otherwise the symptoms of anxiety, muscles spasms or seizures will not be cured.
What if you suddenly stop taking the dose?
If you stop taking the drug with for no reason then you may face the problems such as tremors, stomach cramps, muscular pains, nausea, sweating, headache, extreme anxiety, tension, hallucinations, restlessness etc. the risk of withdrawal may increase if Diazepam is being used for a long time.
Missing out any dose or taking too much of the Diazepam 10 mg may cause depression and the symptoms might include; poor reflexes, drowsiness, short breathing, low blood pressure, coma and exhaustion etc. all these indications can even be fatal. In case, if you have taken overdose then call your doctor and do the needful. Usually a drug named flumazenil is used to reverse a benzodiazepine overdose. The overdose of this drug may increase the risk of panic attacks.
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Side Effects of Diazepam
Diazepam may cause the side effects such as; memory loss, blur or double vision, nausea, drowsiness, fatigue, spinning sensation, drooling, dry mouth, unclear speech, and constipation etc. People with different health conditions may have various side effects depending on the health issues.
For people having kidney/liver issues:
The drug is processed in liver is removed from the body through kidney. If the kidneys are not functioning properly then the drug will stay longer in the body and may put your body at risk.
For people with a history of drug or alcohol:
If you have ever been consuming drugs or alcohol then you may become addicted to Diazepam.
For people having narrow-angle glaucoma issues:
Diazepam may be used by open angle glaucoma patients but shouldn’t be used by acute narrow angle glaucoma.
For people having mental health issues:
People with a history of severe depression must consult their doctors properly before using Diazepam as it may worsen these problems.
For people having myasthenia gravis:
This is the disease that causes extreme muscle weakness and tiredness and for such patients, Diazepam is not advised.
For people having breathing issues:
Diazepam affects the nervous system and hence may cause breathing issues to the patients. If you are already having breathing issues, then the use of Diazepam may augment them.
For the Pregnant Women:
Valium must not be taken by expecting mothers as it may harm the fetus.
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